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College football scholarship rules

When people talk about college football, they usually are referencing the Football Bowl Subdivision, or FBS. But there are two Division 1 subdivisions in NCAA football, and the other one is the Football Championship Subdivision.

Football in the FBS is what's considered a "headcount" sport, which means a maximum of 85 players can be on scholarship each season for each team. In the FCS, as well as Division 2, football is considered an "equivalency" sport, which means teams can give partial or full scholarships to players up to the limit. For the FCS, the limit is 63 full scholarships, which means teams can give full scholarships to 63 players, half scholarships to 126 players or any other combination of full or partial scholarships.

Things To Consider

College Football Recruiting Guidelines! There are a number of important guidelines to follow during the NCAA football recruiting process. Failure to adhere to these rules may result in sanctions against the college football coach, the educational institution, and the student-athlete. A contact is defined as a face-to-face interaction between the student-athlete and their parents or guardians.

The head football coach is permitted to make a physical contact with the student-athlete or parents over the duration of one calendar day. This interaction may occur at the student-athlete high school or away from the campus. The head coach may invite an assistant to help with the process, provided that the assistant also adheres to the NCAA rules.

Today's Football Recruiting

Today Football Recruiting

College football scholarship rules

When people talk about college football, they usually are referencing the Football Bowl Subdivision, or FBS. But there are two Division 1 subdivisions in NCAA football, and the other one is the Football Championship Subdivision.

Football in the FBS is what's considered a "headcount" sport, which means a maximum of 85 players can be on scholarship each season for each team. In the FCS, as well as Division 2, football is considered an "equivalency" sport, which means teams can give partial or full scholarships to players up to the limit. For the FCS, the limit is 63 full scholarships, which means teams can give full scholarships to 63 players, half scholarships to 126 players or any other combination of full or partial scholarships.

Things To Consider

College Football Recruiting Guidelines! There are a number of important guidelines to follow during the NCAA football recruiting process. Failure to adhere to these rules may result in sanctions against the college football coach, the educational institution, and the student-athlete. A contact is defined as a face-to-face interaction between the student-athlete and their parents or guardians.

The head football coach is permitted to make a physical contact with the student-athlete or parents over the duration of one calendar day. This interaction may occur at the student-athlete high school or away from the campus. The head coach may invite an assistant to help with the process, provided that the assistant also adheres to the NCAA rules.

Football Recruiting

Football Recruiting

According to ncaa.org, only 7.1% of high school football players will move from high school to college. It is imperative for young baseball players to develop a strong work ethic early in their careers. By developing these habits they are not only prepared for basketball for the real world as well. Out of 1,036,842 only 73,557 will participated in NCAA Schools.

Campus Visits

The official college campus visit is an integral part of the recruiting process. An official campus visit is defined as a trip in which a student-athlete tours a prospective school. During an official visit, the school is allowed to pay for the lodging, transportation, entertainment, and three meals per day for the student-athlete and their parents or guardians. A student-athlete can make up to five total official visits to Division I schools but only one to each location. During these trips, the student-athlete may be able to attend a game or practice, tour campus housing facilities, and meet with academic advisors about majors.

A student-athlete can participate in an unlimited amount of unofficial visits. However, during these visits, the only thing that the school can pay for or provide is up to three tickets to a home athletics event.

Recruiting Terms

There is a myriad of sports scholarship terms used to describe the courtship of a college recruit to play college sports. Although the terms used to describe playing collegiate level sports are often used interchangeably, they actually have distinct meanings.

A contact is when a coach or administrator reaches out officially to meet with a prospective student-athlete in an off-campus meeting.

When the coach or recruiter observes the athlete in competition or in a practice situation, it is called an evaluation.

A verbal commitment is when the student-athlete informs the coaching staff of a school that they intend to play college sports with them. This commitment is not binding, as it precedes the official National Letter of Intent. A verbal commitment often happens before the student-athlete is eligible to sign the official letter and it signifies that they want a sports scholarship offer from that college.

Playing collegiate level sports is an immense commitment. When the college recruit wants to make their commitment to a Division I or II school official and binding, they sign the National Letter of Intent. This contract is good for one academic year.

National Letter of Intent

A National Letter of Intent is an official document indicating a student-athlete's decision to attend a Division I or II college for the purpose of participating in the school's athletics program. The agreement is valid for one academic year, provided that the student is admitted to the school. This program is under the direction of the National Collegiate Athletic Association Eligibility Center.

Although signing a National Letter of Intent is voluntary, many students choose to sign the letter as a ceremonial gesture. Because other schools are not allowed to contact student-athletes who have signed their National Letter of Intent, the official signing of this document effectively concludes the recruitment of the athlete.

Individual sports designate specific days as the official signing day for the athletes to commit to participation at a school. If the student-athlete changes their mind after signing their letter, they will need to request a release from the obligation in order to attend a different school. Without an appeal, they may lose one full year of eligibility.

Division III schools are not allowed to use National Letter of Intents as part of the recruiting process.

High School Athletes

If the student-athlete is competing, the college football coach staff is allowed to telephone or send electronic or written correspondence to the student-athlete only if they have consented to the outreach and it takes place during the admissible times. Any other contact outside of written and telephone communication is not permitted during an event in which the student-athlete is a competitor. This rule even applies if the student-athlete is on an official or unofficial visit. In-person contact is prohibited in the football recruiting process during:

Competition or before the contest while at the event site. The moment the student-athlete is officially participating in any activities related to the athletics event through the completion of the competition. This includes team meetings, press conferences, and meals.

The entirety of the athletics event, including competitions that stretch over more than one day. This contact is not allowed until the student-athlete is released from the high school coach or administrator.

Recruiting Calendar

Understanding the NCAA recruiting calendar can help student-athletes and their parents navigate the often complicated process of committing to further their education while playing sports at the collegiate level. Member schools of the NCAA are required to abide by this official calendar, serving as a guide for both the colleges and the student-athletes. There are four defined periods of this process:

During this period, college coaches are permitted to have face-to-face contact with prospective college student-athletes as well as their parents or guardians. College coaches and recruiters may also visit the high school athletes at their school and watch them compete and practice. This is the most active time period of the recruiting process

Like the contact period, coaches may visit high schools and watch the athlete compete and may also write or call the recruit and their parents. However, unlike the contact period, the coach may not have face-to-face interaction with the recruit outside of the college campus.

As the most restrictive period, the dead period prohibits all in-person interaction and only allows written and phone communication.

The restrictions intensify during the quiet period. During this time, coaches are allowed to call or write the recruit but the only in-person interaction must occur on the college campus. Recruiters are not allowed to visit the high school and watch the student-athletes compete

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